May 26, 2005
Mr. Tom Hamilton
4090 Westown Parkway, Suite A-304
West Des Moines, IA 50266
Thank you for your inquiry concerning the legality and validity of the Achiever
assessment. Candidate Resources, Inc., through its years of operations with hundreds
of thousands of people having gone through its assessment, has endeavored to continually
ensure that its assessments (tests) and questions thereof are solely of a job-related
nature. Candidate Resources’ assessment systems have been reviewed by the
Office of Federal Contract Compliance (OFCC) who have found nothing discriminatory
about their use, or the need to validate them within any particular company or within
any particular job.
has been established and validated in accordance with
the procedures described in “Standards of Educational Psychological Tests
,” which is referred to in paragraph (2) 1607.6, “Minimum
Standards for Evaluation,” Federal Register Volume 35
, dated Saturday,
August 1, 1970. It is therefore not discriminatory and is in compliance with E.E.O.C.
and other Federal Regulations.
In validating the Achiever, two different types of validation were utilized: Construct
and Criterion. Construct validity refers to the extent to which dimensions on different
tests with similar names relate to each other. Two things that correlate highly
are not necessarily identical, but do provide reassurance that they are related
and are a “construct" or part of the makeup (like honesty, dependability,
sociability, etc.) of an individual as related to actual job performance. By relating
the aptitudes and dimensions in The Achiever to those of assessments deemed valid
by the psychology community, such as the MMPI and 16PF, the developers were able
to determine that The Achiever has construct validity.
Additionally, the developers of The Achiever utilized the Criterion Validation process
to further enhance the validity of the assessment. This form of validity correlates
assessment scores with employee success on the job. By studying hard indices of
job performance and correlating the mental aptitudes and personality dimensions
of The Achiever to the indices, the developers were able to determine that The Achiever
is an effective predictor of job performance.
Further, The Achiever was developed to allow the use of Concurrent Validation within
an organization. Concurrent Validation is a form of Criterion Validation in which
successful employees within an organization are assessed with The Achiever, and
their scores are analyzed to derive a Benchmark. The Benchmark can then be used
to select, train and develop employees to optimize job fit and performance.
In the almost 40 years The Achiever has been in use, we are aware of no instances
of adverse impact against protected groups or claims relating to invasion of privacy.
Given the strict validation process followed in the development of the instrument,
and the ongoing concurrent validation, a lack of adverse impact should not be surprising.
Further, when training employers to utilize our assessments, we emphasize that an
assessment is merely one of many tools an employer should use to determine the ability
of an individual to successfully perform a job, and that the assessment results
must not be allowed to account for more than one-third of the final decision. When
used in this manner, an assessment cannot result in adverse impact since it is not
the determining factor in an employment decision.